The research section includes articles and publications from leading scholars providing additional supportive data and information for the movement.

Joseph R. Blasi

Rutgers University School of Management and Labor Relations 200 B Levin Building Rockefeller Road New Brunswick, NJ 08903
Tel: 732/445-5444
Fax: 732/445-2830

Richard B. Freeman

NBER 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138
Tel: 617/868-3900
Fax: 617/868-2742



Douglas L. Kruse

School of Management and Labor Relations Rutgers University 94 Rockafeller Road Piscataway, NJ 08854 Tel: 732/445-5991
Fax: 732/445-2830

The Congressional Budget Office
(CBO) on Income Inequality

Tabulating Inequality Trends

The Congressional budget Office

This chart shows that real after-tax income of the top 1 percentile has risen about 275%, and the pre-transfers/pre-tax income share of the top 1% has increased most profoundly.

The Economics of Inequality

The Economics of Inequality

This chart shows that the top 20% of households receives 86% of all capital gains and all capital income.

Source: Urban Institute-Brookings Institution Tax Policy Center

In 1776 everyone with citizenship had potential economic power because labor was the main source and everyone was born with it. Therefore, economic power was democratically diffused.

Then, as you see from the chart above, as technological change advanced, capital workers grew at an exponential rate. The inputs of capital workers and labor workers have roughly changed places! Capital workers now produce at least 90 percent of the input to the economy, with only 10 percent coming from labor.

Adam Smith said, “There is only one way to earn income—produce something.” If that is true, we are de facto in a real mess.

In today’s highly industrialized world, wealth has a close connection to both technology and capital formation. Technological power marches on, yet labor can only work so hard for so long. Tragically, for the most part, we have decoupled labor from capital. The masses of labor own no capital and therefore can’t possibly keep up. Herein lies the root cause of the pervasive, precipitous decline in the standard of living for both the middle and lower classes. The blessings of technological advancement caused their ability to keep pace with income via just their labor to be slashed over time.

This is why, in this day and age, the poor stay poor and the rich get richer.